Tall Ship Prints, Marine Art, Art Gift
Ideas, Custom Paintings, Photography, Photo Gifts, Unusual
Gifts, Handi-crafts, Arts & Crafts, Art Supplies & Services, Art Glass,
Art Jewelry, Mosaics, Collectibles, Scrapbooking, Tapestries, Wall Art,
Metal Art, Decorative Art,
Specialty Art Gifts, Unique Gifts for all Occasions.
Calligraphy literally means beautiful and nice writing. Some
500 years ago before the invention of the printing press, it
was the way books were made. Each copy was written with handwriting
by scribe workers in a scriptorium. The handwriting was done
with ink and quill onto specific materials such as vellum and
parchment. The letter writing style applied was one of the book-hands
period such as rustic, black-letter and Carolingian etc. Today,
there are many types or styles of calligraphy writing as follows;
this article focuses mainly on Western calligraphy with a glimpse
at the Asian and Arabic styles.
Western or Roman Arabic Chinese or Oriental European Asian-European
In Europe 2 types of handwriting came into being very fast. Cursive
script was mostly used for records and letters, while greater polished
handwriting styles, called uncial, was used into literary works. Both
calligraphy styles could be seen in fragments of papyrus from 4th century
of B.C. After the time of 1st century of A.D. the half uncial and minuscule
letter development from the Roman capital gave growth for an extraordinarily
and beautiful long lasting art of calligraphy. The Renaissance humanistic
handwriting style for the deliberate imitation of Carolingian minuscule
was aesthetically pleasing & most legible. Design of alphabet became
one subject of that study and some technical treatises were published
on styles of handwriting. With the late 16th century, the secure establishment
for the printing press and the art of calligraphy had declined throughout
area of Europe. In UKs elementary school, Penmanship of a relatively
inferior sort was taught and in the US until the late 19th century. The
fine art of calligraphy is currently taught and crafted in schools with
exhibition in museums. To the late 15th century the Italian manuscript
copyists had produced many glorious work of calligraphy such as Matteo
Gianrinaldo Mennio, Pierantonio Sallando and Contugi.
a major aesthetic expression, calligraphy has been consistently practiced
in the east. In China from the 5th century B.C., when the calligraphy was
used for 1st time, it has always been considered equal and even superior
with comparison to painting. Chinese calligraphy began with a sophisticated
and simplified seal script, called as chancery script, in that the strokes
width varies & the edges sharpen at the ends. In the 1st century of A.D.
the perfection of the brush made easy and possible stylization for the
chancery script into regular script. The Japanese calligraphy values as
high as the Chinese, they began to practice in the 7th century A.D., after
the introduction of Buddhist manuscripts from China.
With the limited letter of alphabet by Arabic the art of calligraphy is also practiced. Due to faith of Muslim of discourages pictorial representation & Qur'an reveres, the people of Islam esteem calligraphy as highly as East Asia. In the beautiful Qur'ans the earliest Islamic calligraphy is found, written with gold leaf on parchment or by ink on paper with angular script. Elaborations, likes of foliation, interfacing, and other complexities were later invented. In the 12th century rounded cursive style was invented and spread throughout Islam, after that many different cursive scripts have developed. In Islam calligraphy experts decorate metalwork, textiles and pottery, as well as books.
About the author: Jimmy James works with Calligraphy Experts. Source: http://www.point-articles.com/